How to visit the Fallero museum and learn about the tradition of Las Fallas de Valencia

Fallero Museum in Valencia

Is about one of the most popular museums in Valencia, and in it you will see how one of the most important expressions of Valencian popular culture has evolved over the years.

We refer to Fallero Museum, which each year increases its assets with the ninots indultats, in addition to other objects related to the celebration of this popular holiday in Valencia.

For example, with poster posters of each edition, with the collections of historical badges of the failing commissions from Valencia, and with the portraits of the falleras that have been representing the latest failures.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

We give you a little history so you can understand what this museum means for the city of Valencia.

Historical curiosities of the Fallas de Valencia

Just saying his name already smells like fire, gunpowder and figures that fill squares and streets throughout Valencia and the Valencian Community.

The failures They have been held since the mid-18th century and were originally built by neighbors with the help of some professionals such as carpenters, painters or decorators.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

What are the ninot

With the ninot or figures wanted to represent satirically situations of Valencian daily life.

Over time they became more important and the first fallero artists appeared, specializing in the design and construction of the faults.

These were grouped professionally and began to compete with each other to achieve the best artistic result and that one of their ninot be rewarded with the pardon, which has been done since 1934, being preserved in the Fallero museum.

Child failures

On the other hand, the child failures In the beginning the children of each neighborhood or street were built and began towards the end of the 19th century, but later the same fallero artists assumed their realization thus improving their quality.

It was in 1963 when they also began to pardon the ninot of children's failures.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

Mascletás and fireworks

Other celebrations and rituals appeared around the festival of fallas, such as mascletás , and the fireworks castles, a great show of light and sound that illuminate the streets of Valencia and that you should not miss.

Today everything is very elaborate and they have become a very important form of expression of the Valencian people, and they are also an irreplaceable tourist attraction, which has gained popularity over the years.

Until you find yourself in the city of Valencia wrapped in the loud sound of a mascleta or under one of its precious failures, you are not aware of the grandeur of them.

Whether large or small, the failures they are the result of the work that many people have done with illusion for a whole year, and that the fire will take their creations in one night, in order to close the circle and rethink the next failures.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

How ninot are pardoned

But not all are completely burned, because every year the Ninot Exhibition in which the failing commissions present their best ninot or the figure that best represents your fault, both of the big fault as of the child failure.

For a few days citizens, whether visitors or locals, can vote in this exhibition which is the ninot They like it the most and deserve to be pardoned.

The figure that wins by popular vote is pardoned, and becomes part of the collection of Fallero museum, thus saving itself from fire or cremá.

When the failures of Valencia are burned

The failures burn in the cream during the night of the day of Saint Joseph to welcome spring and praise the saint.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

From November 30, 2016 the party of The failures was declared Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by Unesco, filling with joy not only the Valencians, but all the Spaniards.

What to see in the Fallero museum in Valencia

On your visit of Fallero museum you can see all ninots indultats saved from the cream.

In addition, there are photographs of the best flaws and the posters that announced them since 1934.

The museum is in a privileged place in the Monteolivete neighborhood, near the City of Arts and Sciences and within what was the old Convent of the Mission House of San Vicente de Paul.

This convent, which was completed in 1834 and was also a barracks, warehouse and military jail, houses the museum since 1971, with some subsequent restorations finally re-inaugurated in 1995.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

The interior of the building retains a structure of corridors and old cells that make the visit very pleasant.

The Fallero museum exhibition It can be divided by times and themes:

30 and 40 years failures

During the 30s and 40s of the last century, the ninots they were built with wax, wood and cloth, and represented scenes of the Valencian tradition.

In the 40s, portraits of artisans were incorporated, popular characters from the street and some reference to movie characters, which was intended to empathize with the public.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

50's failures

Since 1955 it was forbidden to pardon portraits and thus give more importance to the narrative sense of the scenes and to greater communication between the ninots.

At that time the comic and cartoony sense in figures and social issues, in addition to eroticizing female figures.

The fantastic world began to be included in the creations of the 50s, and in 1956 the first one was pardoned ninot Made entirely in cardboard.

60s and 70s failures

The humorous scenes of topics that mark the social news of the time They go on to mark the theme of failures.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

You could see scenes of easy humor in the form of a cartoon with little political speech, although politically in Spain there were years of many changes.

And it was in 1977 when the first one was pardoned ninot done entirely in polyester.

80s and 90s failures

The 80's were years in which the trend consisted of representing traditional trades scenes, with a nostalgic component, but without abandoning the cartoon and the sneer.

At that time, if references are made to the political situation of the time, the issue of Valencian identification and the problems of the daily life of the city.

From the 90s begin to be pardoned scenes of groups, elders with children and family sentimental scenes to capture the attention of the viewer.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

From this time you start using the Expanded polyurethane or White cork and they begin to pardon emblematic figures of the city, turned into icons for the Valencians.

Pardoned Infant Ninots

The children's ninots they occupy a space in the museum since 1963, when the first one was pardoned.

They are created for the children's commission fallera and in them the protagonists are the tales of popular culture, both traditional and film or television, combining worlds of children's fantasy along with historical and mythological reasons.

The tender component usually prevails in all figures and they really are wonders in small.

It is very exciting to see the infant fallera cry with emotion from the balcony of town hall the night of the cream.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

FMajor and children's alleles

One of the most important figures of the Fallas party is the Fallera Mayor, which first appears in 1931.

His reign has a duration of one year and becomes the main female figure representing the fallero world, which lays a special veneration.

The pictures with the portraits of the different Falleras Mayor of Valencia they appear hung on the walls of the Fallero museum since 1995, where those of the children's falleras.

Posters and badges of Las Fallas

Each year there is a contest to select the poster that will announce the Fiesta de Las Fallas that year.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

This winner poster it will be the visible face to the world of these popular parties and it is also preserved as an important piece in the Fallero museum.

The first one that is preserved dates from 1929, and since then every year great Valencian cartelists contribute their ideas for the creation of the one that will best represent their parties

Along with the posters is the collection of historical badges of the Valencia Fallas Commissions.

We can say that it is the heraldic and iconographic expression of the image that each commission fails He wants to transmit from themselves.

The failing commissions they are a gigantic associative framework, which make it possible for important aspects of the Fallas parties. 

Fallero Museum in Valencia

Finally, in one of the museum's rooms you can see temporary exhibitions of the work of some of the fallero artists more significant

Schedules visit Fallero Museum in Valencia

The visiting hours of the Fallero museum (Montolivet square 4) are, from Monday to Saturday, from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. (last entry at 6:15 p.m.), and Sundays and holidays, from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

You have to keep in mind that closing days of the Fallero museum They are January 1, January 6, May 1 and December 25, and in the time of Fallas has special schedules, so you should check for your visit.

Fallero Museum in Valencia

Fallero museum ticket prices

He Ticket price to visit the Fallero museum it is 2 euros, with a reduced rate of 1 euro from which retirees, large families, and holders of the benefit Youth Card.

They can visit the Fallero museum for free children under 7 years, people with disabilities and members of failing commissions.

There are guided tours that you can arrange in advance at [email protected].

Video: Visit Valencia: Las Fallas Festival! (November 2019).